The Java Version Almanac
Feedback on this page?

Read and Write Text Files

The Files class offers a couple of convenience methods to read and write text content from/to files. When converting between Unicode strings and binary files content a encoding is applied. Do not rely on system defaults, always supply an encoding for portable behavior.

Since Java 11

import; import; import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets; import java.nio.file.Files; public class ReadWriteTextFiles { static final String TEST_CONTENT = "Line 1\nLine 2\nLine 3\n"; public static void main(String... args) throws IOException { var file = Files.createTempFile("ReadWriteTextFiles", ".txt"); // Write out a string to a file Files.writeString(file, TEST_CONTENT, StandardCharsets.UTF_8); // Read the entire content as one string: System.out.print(Files.readString(file, StandardCharsets.UTF_8)); // Read the entire content as a stream of lines: Files.lines(file, StandardCharsets.UTF_8).map("> "::concat).forEach(System.out::println); // Read the entire content into a list of lines: var lines = Files.readAllLines(file, StandardCharsets.UTF_8); System.out.println(String.join("/", lines)); // If we need a Reader instance we can directly open a file as a BufferedReader try (var reader = new LineNumberReader(Files.newBufferedReader(file, StandardCharsets.UTF_8))) { String line; while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) { System.out.printf("%d: %s%n", reader.getLineNumber(), line); } } Files.delete(file); } }

This snippet at GitHub